2009年12月15日

Clever tactics

by,Copenhagen needs a strong lead negotiator
/ A whole solution


The intergoovernmental Negotiating Committee met for the first time in Febuary 1991 just outsade Washington DC.

From the start, as today, the United States and India made progress difficult : at one point, the US representative, Bob Reinstein, refused to participate in a crucical meeting.

After insisting in many ways without success, I obtained a suite for an impromptu luncheon and invited all the relevant delegates, including Reinstein.

Using a trick learned from Koh, I appealed to their good manners and the rules of polite siplomacy to point out that they could not decline the chairman's invitation.

We had lunch, we forged an agreement and, fortunately, Estrada-oyuera had a credit card to over the bill.


(… to be continue…)


### DataBace ###
nature Vol.461 1019-1162 Issue no.7267 22 Octover 2009
Editorials p.1027 :"Climate of compromise"
Destination Copenhagen :「コペンハーゲン会議の行方
News p.1034 / Time running out for climate for climate talks
News Feature p.1042 / When the Ice melts
News Feature p.1048 / Counting carbon in the Amazon
Opinion p.1054 / India pushes for common responsibility ; Technological partnerships
Opinion p.1055 / China expects leadership from rich nations
Opinion p.1056 / Copenhagen needs a strong lead negotiator
; A whole solution



Final success in drafting the UNFCCC was ewached only because ripert worked full time to host a multutude of consultations during and between the official sessions.

Once each paragraph of the convention was conpketed, we still needed to obtain consensus on the package.

In delegates' jargon, 'consensus' means that everybody can live with the text even if not fully satisfied by it ; it is reached not by a vote, but by the lead negotiator taking the responsibility to declare that consensus has been reached.

OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) members vehemently held back their consent, but Ripert managed to moderate their resistance to a point at which he felt justified in declaring consensus.

That took guts.


"The Kyoto Protocol has had an undeniably positive impact in international policy."


The UNFCCC then went to the Rio Earth Summit in 1992, where it was signed into being.

Further work was needed to create a set of rules by which it would be enacted.

This agein required a series of meetings by the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee, for which Estrada-oyuera was elected chair.


The main product of the first meeting, held in 1995, was the Berlin Mandate, with established the basis for the negotiation of the Kyoto Protocol.

This complicated document was created under the leadership of ambassador Bo Kjellen and Angela Merkel, then Germany's environment minister.

Merkel is a superb politician.

Having grown up in eastern Germany, she was versed in the uselessness of inflexibility and devoted to constructive compromice.

Merkel worked a whole night as president of the conference, shuttling from one room to another, to work out the final text at around 6 a.m. of the last day.

Like Ripert before har,she had obtained a strong enough position to declare the mandate adopted by consensus despite protrst from the OPEC members.


We worked on the text for the protocol from August 1995 until December 1997, with the final stage in Kyoto.

Although Japan held the presidency for this conference, it was unable to field a player similar to Merkel bevause of interbal squabbles between the ministries of foreign affairs, international trade and industry, and environment (this continues to be the case in japan).


(… to be continue…)
posted by 0≠素子(由理政宗) at 21:17| Road to Copenhagen | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする
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