2009年12月11日

India pushes for common responsibility

Rajendra K. Pachauri says that india wants to be a constructive partner in Copenhagen negotiations on climate change.

The country is taking domestic action even though it cannot accept mandatory emissions limits.



India expects a strong agreement at December's United Nations climate conference in Copenhagen for several reasons.

First, the country is very vulnerable to the effects of climate chabge, both those projected to occur within its own territory and those in neighbouring countries.

Babgladesh, for instance, with a population of 160 million people is extremely vulnerable to sea level rise.

This, along with the growing intensity and frequency of cyclones and other extreme events could result in large numbers of migrants fleeing to India.

Equally serious are the problems associated with glaciers melting in the Hindu Kush region.

Must of the rivers in northern India originate in these glaciers, and decline in river flows because of reduced glacial mass would lead to water scarcity for India and its neighbours.

Climate change is also likely to directly affect agricultural production, because there is growing evidence that some agricultural crops are seeing a decline in yields due to climate change, most notably wheat crops grown in North India (H. Pathak et al. Field Crops Res. 80,223-234;2003).

Consequently, India has a vital stake in the stabilization of Earth's climate system.


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### DataBace ###
nature Vol.461 1019-1162 Issue no.7267 22 Octover 2009
Editorials p.1027 :"Climate of compromise"
Destination Copenhagen :「コペンハーゲン会議の行方
News p.1034 / Time running out for climate for climate talks
News Feature p.1042 / When the Ice melts
News Feature p.1048 / Counting carbon in the Amazon
Opinion p.1054 / Technological partnerships



Second, India is not solely interested in seeing global emissions adequately reduced as soon as possible.

The country also has a direct interest in adaptation measures for coping with projected climate change, which is now inevitable becouse of the existing inertia in the climate system.

India feels strongly that on the basis of historical responsibility and considerations of equity, developed countries should providefinancial support for adaptation in developing countries.

It is no coincidence that the subiect of adaptation first emerged as a prominent issue in international climate negotiations held in New Delhi in 2002.

Since then, the debate has gone further, with a number of developing countries joining in the demand for adequate financial support for this purpose from developed nations.


india has been one of the strongest proponents of the principle of 'common but differentiated responsibility' included in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, demanding action strictly on this basis.

In India's view, therefore, the Cpenhagen agreement should involve major cuts in greenhouse-gas emissions by the developed countries, and should cleary articulate the support that the developed countries will provide for access to low-carbon technologies in the developing world.

Over time, this will helpdeveloping countries implement measures to limit their own emissions.


Within the limited time available, India can perhaps play constructive part in forging an agreement in Copenhagen.

As a matter of principle, India will firmly dismiss demands from developed nations that their proposed emissions cuts should, in any way, be contingent on rapidly developing economies, such as India and China, committing themselves to emissions limits before 2020.

But to denibstrate the country's seriousness towards shared action, India has a domestic programme ― the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) ― that it could, at an appropriate stage of the begotiations, offer as part of a global package of commitments.

The NAPCC was released by India's Prime Minister Manmogan Singh in June.

It was inspired, in no small part, by the attention given to the 2007 Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergivernmental Panel on Climate Change.


The planfocuses on achieving a patterm of sustainable development while dealing comprehensively with the callenge of climate change.

In Copenhagen, India should reject any imposition of measures for verification of goals achieved under the NAPCC, but might agree to annual international reporting.

As a democracy with a vibrant civil society and a free paress,India can be comfortable with such a provision because it would not be revealing any information that wouldn't be publicly available any way.

Still, to achieve the ambitious goals of the NAPCC will require unprecedented institutional changes within India to overcome the bureaucratic inertia that often stymies government plans.

In particular, a greater role would be desirable for public-private partnerships and closer involvement to think tanks and reserch organization in providing policy advice.


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posted by 0≠素子(由理政宗) at 22:29| Road to Copenhagen | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする
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